Everyone dreams of having clear-looking, glowing skin. But exposure to harmful UV rays and other environmental factors leads to blemishes, dark spots and pigmentation on the skin.
Are you trying to figure out where to get those dark spots on your face lightened or removed? But first, you must understand the cause of your face's dark patches and pigmentation.
One of the primary reasons for this is the melanin percentage in the skin, as some studies suggest that a higher melanin component makes the skin more susceptible to skin damage. Furthermore, many other contributing factors could impact the skin. Let us understand the causes, treatment and prevention of the same.
Causes of Pigmentation & Dark spots
Sun Exposure and UV Rays
Melanin is the natural pigment that is responsible for giving skin its colour. Melanin also tends to guard the skin from harmful UV rays. Individuals with lesser melanin tend to get tanned easily, resulting in pigmentation, dark spots and early signs of ageing.
When the body undergoes any intrinsic changes due to physical, emotional or psychosocial factors, the body may experience stress resulting in inflammation. It tends to impact the skin quickly and causes issues such as dryness, redness and eruptions that are observed superficially over a while.
Any hormonal changes or imbalances, especially in women, such as Pregnancy, PCOS, Hypothyroidism, and Menopause, affect the skin. It may trigger uneven skin tone, dark patches, acne or inflammation. Melasma is also a skin condition where butterfly-shaped pigmentation is observed on the nose and cheeks.
Dark Spots Removal Tips as per Ayurveda:
Massage with Facial Oil
Our skin is lipophilic, so it rapidly absorbs the oils applied. Regular massage with facial oils such as Kumkumadi Face Oil will help light spots and blemishes and give youthful, glowing skin. Rich in antioxidants, facial oil helps boost blood circulation, promotes collagen synthesis, and repairs and rejuvenates the skin.
Our skin sheds millions of skin cells every day. We are exposed to dust, dirt, pollution and other impurities, which cause build-up leading to uneven skin tone. Exfoliation helps buff the topmost layer of the skin, revealing the new skin cells underneath.
Herbal Face Pack
After scrubbing, apply a skin-refining face pack enriched with cooling and nourishing ayurvedic herbs. It helps seal nutrients into the skin, minimises pores and brightens the complexion.
Use Sunscreen Daily
Protecting the skin from the harsh UV rays is the first step in preventing further damage to the skin. Ensure that you apply a sunblock with PA protection as UVA rays cause long-term damage such as pigmentation, premature ageing and dark spots. Do not skip sunscreen, even indoors, as these rays are invisible and present everywhere.
A committed routine goes a long way in experiencing long-term results, as the minimum time to notice a difference is 30 days.
Natural Ways to Prevent Pigmentation and Dark spots
Ensure that skin and body don’t get dehydrated. Have sufficient liquids as per your thirst, such as coconut water, lassi, chaas and spritz cooling face mists such as Rose Water on your face. It reduces inflammation and helps heal the skin.
Healthy and Nutrient Dense Diet
A diet rich in antioxidants such as fresh seasonal fruits and green leafy vegetables is the best medicine for dark spots and pigmentation.
Practice Yoga, Meditation, Pilates, Tai chi or any form of relaxing routine to cultivate mental and emotional wellbeing.