Understanding Skin type in the Ayurvedic Way
Ayurvedic Concept of Skin
Tvacha, as per Ayurvedic scriptures, is known as skin, and it is one of the largest organs in our body. Whatever we apply to our skin gets absorbed on a cellular level and hence shows effects not only on the used region but also enters our bloodstream and circulates in the body. Therefore, it's vital to build awareness around the skin doshas involved in our body and the approach to ingredients we use in our skincare.
Skin types, Age & Doshas
Doshas are the bio-energies in our body that determine the functional structure of everyday wear and tear. According to our Prakriti, that is the dominance of Dosha; our skin type differs in different individuals, and age also has a contributing role.
There are three doshas, Vaat: Air, Pitta: Fire and Kafa: Water & Earth energy. According to the properties of these elements of nature, they reflect similar qualities in the skin. For instance, Vata skin is dry, prone to fine lines, wrinkles, stretching, sagging, rough & dull; Pitta skin is a combination skin type with an oily T zone, prone to sensitivity, redness, eruptions, rashes, prone to sunburn & heat boils and Kafa skin is oily, uneven, prone to acne, blemishes and infections. As per the age of the individual, the skin doshas also have an impact as Vata dosha is primarily observed in those with less sebum production in the skin, older individuals with mature skin, premature ageing or in colder climatic zones, Pitta skin is observed chiefly in middle age group, those prone to sun exposure, tropical climatic zone and hormonal imbalance. In contrast, Kafa skin is primarily observed in teenagers, in hot & humid climates and those with Oily skin types.
Skincare According to Doshas
To keep our skin doshas balanced, we must select the Ayurvedic Herbs suited for our skin concerns in terms of property, benefits and skincare regime. The Vaat skin type must use the nourishing herbs, which help fortify the skin with essential healthy fats that moisturise and repair the skin. The Pitta skin type must incorporate hydrating herbs rich in soothing and cooling properties to calm and relax the skin. Last, the Kafa skin type shall include an oil balancing and deep cleansing herbs that purify and tone the skin.
For Vata skin type, Oiling is an essential step because the skin loves moisture. Like attracts like, is the law of nature and Ayurvedic scriptures support this theory. According to this, when applied externally, the healthy essential fats in the oil boost the elasticity and makes the skin soft & supple. Regular application of oils such as Kumkumadi Face Oil and rich moisturisation goes a long way in ensuring the skin is firm & toned.
For Pitta skin type, Hydration is a crucial aspect of skincare wherein there is more tendency to redness, irritation, eruptions and sensitivity. Cooling and Soothing steps such as using Hydrating facial mist of Rose water and Jasmine water are very effective as the floral water refresh and rehydrate the skin. Use Aloe Vera gel-based skincare such as gels and lotion, which are lightweight and quick-absorbing to replenish moisture balance for longer.
For the Kafa skin type, Sebum balance is an important aspect where the skin tends to be oily, clogged or enlarged pores, acne and blemishes. The skincare steps must begin by using a deep cleansing face wash that purifies and balances the skin's pH such as a Kumkumadi Face wash. Mattifying and Oil-free formulations would be much suited as they help remove the excess oil, tone and minimise the pores like Eladi Sunscreen. Exfoliate the skin regularly to remove black heads, white heads and clogged pores like Kumkumadi face scrub.